Frame Drum

Frame Drum Several techniques are employed to secure the stretched, Native-tanned leather drumhead to the bent wooden frame of this drum. The hand-carved wooden spikes are inserted through the sidewall of the frame, as well as the stretched edges of the hide. Additionally, leather strips are laced through slits cut near the edges of the stretched skin on the underside of the drum, with reinforced leather radii in six places. The drumhead painting depicts a buffalo, an integral aspect of life on the Great Plains.

Oral traditions link the life and survival of the Plains people to the buffalo. For this reason, much generational trauma exists as a direct result of the booming European fur trade of the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The attached drum beater has a stuffed leather head with red-dyed quill pattern evoking the four cardinal directions.

The resulting sounds have a band gap between about 300 and 400 Hz to about 700–800 Hz, depending on the ring diameter. The 8 cm diameter ring shows the strongest amplitude attenuation in the band gap. Still, when striking the membrane outside the ring, it sounds like a regular drum.