RepiqueThe repinique is a Brazilian double-headed membranophone. Its strongest association is with the baterias (percussion sections) of Rio de Janiero samba schools, and with Afro-Brazilian Carnival music from Bahia in the northeast. It might today also be encountered at football/soccer matches in Brazil, or wherever Brazilian teams travel, as part of informal percussion groups stimulating fan excitement.

The shell of the pictured repinique is cylindrical and made of aluminum. Its two nylon membranes are stretched over flesh hoops slightly wider in diameter than that of the openings in the shell they cover. The drumheads are further tensioned with heavy metal collars of the same diameter as the flesh hoops. These collars each have eight piers spaced around their circumference. The piers accept threaded metal tension rods that run the length of the drum shell. By turning the bolts at the lower ends of these rods with a key, the amount and evenness of pressure on the membranes can be controlled. A metal-rimmed pressure hole is situated in the middle of the shell. Two wooden stick beaters are used to strike the playing head. A strap for carrying is attached to the tuning rods with clips.

Not much information on the history of the repinique was found. Morphologically, it is very similar to the tenor drum found in military bands, and such bands have existed in Brazil since the 19th century. So the military band tenor drum could be one possible prototype for the repinique.